Festivals & Events

HENRIK IBSEN

MARCH 28, 1898 - MAY 23, 1906

Henrik Ibsen was a Norwegian dramatist and poet who was one of the most famous and controversial writers in world literature. He was the founder of the Modernist theatre movement and was regarded as the father of modern drama.

Ibsen was born in Norway on March 20, 1828 and showed no signs of becoming a writer as a child. He was the oldest of five children and, at age 15, stopped school and began working as an apprentice in an apothecary.

At age 23, Ibsen became theatre director and  resident playwright of the new National Theatre at  Bergen. He directed the Norwegian Theatre in Kristiana from 1857 to 1863.

Ibsen had a significant role in the rise of realism in theatre, challenging audiences to question conventional morality and social conditions. The goal of realism was to create theatre that resembled real life and included dialogue that sounded natural and not scripted.

In 1871 Ibsen began writing what he considered to be one  of his greatest works, Emperor and Galilean (1876). This play was  based on the life of Julian the Apostate and has been rarely revived. One of his best known and most  widely performed plays, A Doll’s House, deals with the limitations and harsh expectations of women.

Some of his other works include: Catilina, Brand, The Burial Mound and The Feast of Solhoug (1856), which was inspired by Norwegian folk songs.

Henrik Ibsen remains one of the greatest dramatists that ever lived and is revered as a national symbol in Norway.

LIST OF WORKS (LITERARY AND PLAYS)

1850 - Catiline (Catilina)
1850 - The Burial Mound also known as The Warrior's Barrow (Kjæmpehøjen)
1851 - Norma (Norma)
1852 - St. John's Eve (Sancthansnatten)
1854 - Lady Inger of Oestraat (Fru Inger til Østeraad)
1855 - The Feast at Solhaug (Gildet paa Solhoug)
1856 - Olaf Liljekrans (Olaf Liljekrans)
1857 - The Vikings at Helgeland (Hærmændene paa Helgeland)
1862 - Digte - only released collection of poetry
1862 - Love's Comedy (Kjærlighedens Komedie)
1863 - The Pretenders (Kongs-Emnerne)
1866 - Brand (Brand)
1867 - Peer Gynt (Peer Gynt)
1869 - The League of Youth (De unges Forbund)
1873 - Emperor and Galilean (Kejser og Galilæer)
1877 - Pillars of Society (Samfundets Støtter)
1879 - A Doll's House (Et Dukkehjem)
1881 - Ghosts (Gengangere)
1882 - An Enemy of the People (En Folkefiende)
1884 - The Wild Duck (Vildanden)
1886 - Rosmersholm (Rosmersholm)
1888 - The Lady from the Sea (Fruen fra Havet)